Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes are chronic conditions that affect over 30 million Americans, or about 9.4% of the United States population. Family medicine doctor Eileen DiGregorio, DO, takes care of diabetes cases in-house at her practice in Bensalem, Pennsylvania. If you or a loved one needs a friendly and professional physician to help manage diabetes, call or click online to request an appointment with Dr. DiGregorio today.
Diabetes refers to diseases that cause your blood sugar, or glucose, levels to be too high. There are several types of diabetes. Prediabetes and gestational diabetes may be reversible with proper treatment, but Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes are chronic conditions that require lifetime maintenance to control your blood sugar.
Previously known as juvenile diabetes, Type 1 diabetes most often affects children and young adults. Only 5% of all diabetes cases are Type 1.
In this type, your pancreas stops producing insulin, the hormone that allows your body to absorb glucose from your blood. Without insulin, blood sugar levels get too high.
This is the most common form of the disease. With Type 2 diabetes, your body still produces insulin but doesn’t use it properly. This creates a condition called insulin resistance, which causes your pancreas to produce even more insulin to try to keep up. Over time, your body can’t produce enough insulin to maintain normal glucose levels.
Diabetes symptoms can vary depending on what type of the disease you have and how high your blood sugar is. Type 1 diabetes symptoms tend to be more sudden and severe, while people with Type 2 or prediabetes may not have any symptoms at first.
Common symptoms of Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes include:
The exact cause of Type 1 diabetes is unknown, but it may be related to genetic or environmental factors.
Type 2 diabetes strongly correlates with being overweight or obese, but not everyone who gets this type of the disease is overweight. The following factors may increase your risk of developing Type 2 diabetes:
If you have diabetes, Dr. DiGregorio provides in-house treatment. Depending on your unique condition, she may provide the following treatments:
If you’re looking for compassionate diabetes management, call Dr. DiGregorio’s office or request an appointment online today.